Literary Criticism
English edition  
September  2002
460 pp.
Paperback
17X24 cm
$24.95
LE30
ISBN 9789774247590
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Alif 22

The Language of the Self: Autobiographies and Testimonies Edited by Ferial Ghazoul

Autobiography is a protean genre: it covers so many forms and styles. When narrating one’s life, the narrator has to choose what he or she considers to be relevant and decisive. Beside the differences on what is fundamental in a life, the notion of the Self is culturally defined and thus varies from one place to another. The author of an autobiographical text may express only a fragment of his or her life, follow a thread in the trajectory through reminiscences, memoir, diaries, testimony, interview,letters, poems, etc. The author may declare openly that he or she is identical with the protagonist or may give the principal character a different name or no name. The author may depict private or public events, at times taking imaginative license or even including fantastic motifs. Autobiographical discourse is not only culturally conditioned; it is also symptomatic of the cultural moment. Thus it is important to explore the varieties of self-presentation, and not assume a fixed paradigm. In this revisionist spirit that looks for different and alternative ways of recording one’s life, Alif presents the autobiographical drive in multiple contexts: ancient and contemporary Egyptian; nineteenth-century and twentieth-century Arab, Moroccan, and Iraqi; South African and West African; Canadian and American; Palestinian and Sudanese; English and Irish; and even that of a hybrid background Chinese American and Algerian French. There has been a tremendous surge in autobiographical writing in recent years, and the field has been redefined by literary and cultural critics. From James Olney (ed.), Autobiography: Essays Theoretical and Critical (1980) to Dwight Reynolds (ed.), Interpreting the Self: Autobiography in the Arabic Literary Tradition (2001), a range of works have appeared challenging established views and approaches on the subject of autobiography. The epigraphs (whose English translation is drawn from the works mentioned above) attest to the complexity and diversity of motivations in writing about one’s past life.
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Contributors: English Section: Sahar Sobhi Abdel-Hakim, Shereen Abou el-Naga, Leila Aboulela, Marwa Elnaggar, Mustapha Hamil, Wail S. Hassan, Jalal Uddin Khan, Samia Mehrez, William Melaney Arabic Section: Tahia Abdel Nasser, Noha Abou Sedera, Georges Bahgory, Muhammad Birairi, Laila Doss, Hossam Elouan, Ibrahim Fathi, Sabry Hafez, Nancy Huston, Alia Mamdouh, Fatma Massoud, Gharaa Mehanna, Fatma Moussa-Mahmoud, Saphinaz-Amal Naguib, Lamis Al Nakkash, Malak Rouchdy, Leila Sebbar.

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