At the center of the world-famous pyramid field of the Memphite necropolis lies a group of pyramids, temples, and tombs named after the nearby village of Abusir. Long overshadowed by the more familiar pyramids at Giza and Saqqara, this area has nonetheless been the site, for the last fifty years, of an extensive operation to discover its past. This thoroughly updated in-depth study documents the uncovering by a dedicated team of Czech archaeologists of a hitherto neglected wealth of ancient remains dating from the Old Kingdom to the Late Period. This is Abusir, realm of Osiris, God of the dead, and its story is one of both modern archaeology and the long-buried mysteries that it seeks to uncover.
This updated and expanded annotated bibliography presents and describes over 1,200 books, dissertations, excavation reports, and articles relevant to the paleopathology of the ancient Egyptians from the fields of Egyptology, physical anthropology, archaeology, and medicine, making it possible for scholars in these different fields to keep current with the latest finds and results. Each source has a short annotation explaining its relevant pathological information, so that scholars can ascertain whether or not any particular source is germane to their own research, and see what is being studied and published by others. In particular, this bibliography will be an immense help to scholars outside the field of Egyptology who want to know about the newest excavations with human remains. It will be indispensable to scholars as well as non-specialists who are intrigued by this area of study, particularly forensic pathologists, medical researchers, historians of medicine, and mummy enthusiasts.
Ancient Egypt during the Late Period (c. 672–332 BC)
In the mid-first millennium bce, Egypt was repeatedly invaded and vanquished by the Assyrians, Persians, and finally Alexander the Great. Between these periods of foreign domination, Egyptians organized several revolutions, culminating in the prestigious Twenty-sixth and Thirtieth Dynasties, based in Sais and Sebennytos. During the Late Period, Egypt regained its position as a superpower in the Eastern Mediterranean, forging alliances with Lydia, Cyrene, and nascent Greek city-states such as Athens. It also underwent significant social changes, witnessing a sudden influx of Greek merchants, Jewish exiles, and Persian armies. Amid this upheaval, Egyptian scribes and artists looked inward to their pharaonic heritage, reproducing archaic hieroglyphic inscriptions and reviving Old Kingdom sculptural styles From Ashurbanipal to Alexander fills a major gap in ancient Egyptian historiography, presenting an up-to-date overview of the entire Late Period. By employing historical texts composed in many languages (Egyptian, Greek, Aramaic, Old Persian), and incorporating recent archaeological discoveries, it narrates the political events and captures the fascinating multi-ethnic and international culture of this era. Much attention is paid to non-royal Egyptian autobiographies; these personal testimonies transport readers beyond the usual lists of pharaohs and monuments, illustrating how major international events affected the Egyptian people, and restoring agency to the prominent individuals who actually managed the country. This book will appeal to students, scholars, and general audiences interested in the history of ancient Egypt, Greece, Persia, and the Jewish Diaspora. Because of the time period and geographic interest, it would be a useful companion for all students reading Herodotus and Thucydides.