Samir Raafat was born in Cairo in 1949. The holder of a BA in economics from the American University in
Ulrike Freitag is a historian of the modern Middle East specialized in the history of the Arabian Peninsula in its
Hicham Ait-Mansour is associate professor of sociology at Mohamed V University in Rabat, Morocco. He is an associate member of
Sarah Jurkiewicz is a post-doc researcher and research coordinator of the “Spaces of Participation” and the “Liminal Spaces” project at
Randa Aboubakr is a professor of English and comparative literature at Cairo University.